The Back wound Photo F5 shows an exit wound measuring 15 x 8 mm when using a photo printed dark enough to read the scale in the photo. The back wound is the larger dark mark closest to the head. [Note the lower exit wound in the goatskin test Warren Com. Exhibit 850 is about the same shape but smaller than the F5 back wound.] The lower small round black mark in Photo F5 is about 7mm dia. about the level of T3 but it is not a wound according to the observed photos in this study. The black box on the ruler is 15 mm, which is the same size as the large wound, also note the size of the Doctor’s fingers in comparison to the wound and black box. Because the body is not perpendicular to the camera there is some photo distortion in scale [2mm] between the wound end of the ruler and the black box end. The ruler is a 30 cm [about 12 inches] scale with an extra non-scale margins at the ends. It is 3cm wide or about 1 1/4 inch. The autopsy report, in direct conflict with the photo, says this back wound is a 7x4mm oval located 14cm from the tip of the right acromion process and 14cm below the tip of the right mastoid process. The pathologists appear to have simply reduced the wound size by half but they correctly described the location of the large wound in spite of the use of atypical measuring points. Given that the ruler is over the spinal coulomb, which is the normal measuring point in F3 the use of atypical measuring points for the final report is strange. It truly appears that they used the photo F3 to obtain the final measurements instead of the body but this is speculation. NOTE: The pathologists claim to have probed the wound with a finger however none of them have fingers small enough to fit in a 7x4 mm hole but they would barely fit in the actual photographed 15x8 mm exit hole.
The upper skin margin is seen in the photo F5 and no sign of a compression entry abrasion is seen. In fact the full thickness of the skin edge can be seen and it is not compressed. Deeper tissue is seen within the wound. A size of 15x8 mm means this must be an exit wound about twice the size of the bullet dia. [See the goatskin test Warren Com. Exhibit 850 lower exit wound.] The oval shape also indicates an exit wound of a deformed mushroomed shaped low velocity bullet. By size, shape and visible skin margin without compression this wound must be an exit wound. If this is an exit wound the Parkland Doctors were correct and the neck wound was the entry wound.
The lower round black spot about 7mm dia., if truly present, is probably a blood clot. It is seen about an inch below the larger actual wound about the spinal level of T3, which corresponds well with the bullet hole in the shirt and coat but so does the large wound given loose fitting cloths with suit shoulder pads and sitting with a raised right arm. Photo expert, Jack White thinks that this smaller spot was created in a darkroom. If a natural blood clot, it should have been removed prior to taking the photo to avoid confusion. This small round black object does not have any visible skin margins and appears to be an object on top of the skin. No internal tissue is seen within it. On some photos a white spot is seen within it indicating that the white is skin within the clot on the surface of the skin. It does not look like a bullet wound but better photos could prove otherwise. It does appear like a dark room creation to confuse the evidence but it could also be a naturally occurring blood clot. [If it is a bullet wound then by size, shape and location it is an entry but it could not have exited by the front neck wound and it should have been found within the chest; and this would be a fifth bullet which is not supported by existing photo and medical evidence.] JFK has one and only one hole in his shirt and coat thus only one back wound can exist and it is an exit wound. The hole in the cloths is about 6 inches below the top of the color and two inches to the right of the midline seam. The hole measures 15 mm in the coat and 10 mm in the shirt. This size indicates an exit wound. The back wound is an exit of the neck entry wound in seen in photo F1 and described by the Parkland Doctors. This back exit wound is about 5 cm to the right of C7-T1, [under the right mastoid], on the photo. Neck entry about 1 inch above the suprasternal notch with an exit 5 cm to the right of C7-T1 is a horizontal or slightly downward and left to right path through the body. The autopsy report states the apex (supra-clavicular portion) of the right pleural cavity suffered a contusion but the lung was not punctured by the bullet. According to Fisher and Spitz 2ED, p 252, “X ray films taken during the autopsy of President John F. Kennedy indicate a fine metallic snow in the lower right neck area, suggesting that a lateral vertebral process was fractured by the jacketed rifle bullet.” Dr. Fisher was a member of the 1968 Clark panel and was looking at the neck x-rays and not the chest x-rays which are missing. This is anatomically a very possible and probable bullet path. The facts are a neck entry one inch above the suprasternal notch and a back exit about 5 cm to the right of C7-T1 are depicted in photos F1 and F5.

Thus the first bullet wound, to the neck is front to back and left to right and horizontal or slightly down ward entering the neck about one inch above the suprasternal notch, without hitting the tie, fracturing a lateral vertebral process (either C-7 or T-1) without puncturing the lung but causing contusions and exiting the back at about 5 cm to the right of T-1 which is the location of the wound in F5. This corresponds satisfactory with the hole in the cloths since the cloths would be worn high and loose when sitting and waving. Also a 6’2” man has a significant natural curvature of the spine at this level. This bullet had to come from the front, [behind the knoll fence closest to Elm Street and not the manholes, probably the point where the cigarette butts were found]. This shot would have passed within 10 feet of Zapruder.

The so-called magic bullet did not occur according to the autopsy photos. Governor Connally was hit by another bullet which had to come from behind, probably from the Sixth Floor and by Oswald, but this bullet did not pass though JFK. The JFK was shot at about Z film 224 and Connally was hit about Z 332.

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